Major hazard industries


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These regulations relate to those who work with hazardous materials in large quantities and in dangerous environments such as nuclear facilities.

You can find all 21 regulations that relate to major hazard industries here (opens in new window).

You can find all the regulations that relate to Higher risk workplaces below to the left.

Borehole Sites and Operations Regulations 1995

These regulations impose various duties relating to health and safety on the operator of a borehole site.

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Classification and Labelling of Explosives Regulations 1983

These regulations provide for the classification of explosives according to the type of hazard they present and their compatibility with other explosives.

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Coal and Other Mines (Fire and Rescue) Order 1956

This Order imposes duties on the manager of a mine in relation to fire precautions and equipment.

Coal and Other Mines (Fire and Rescue) (Amendment) Regulations 1980

These regulations relate to the testing of suits of breathing apparatus.

Coal and Other Mines (General Duties and Conduct) Order 1956

The order details duties and prohibitions regarding safe working and the prevention of accidents on anyone working at mines. 

Coal and Other Mines (Locomotives) Order 1956

This Order regulates the use of locomotives underground at certain classes of mine where there are increased hazards for the use of machinery.

Coal and Other Mines (Metrication) Regulations 1978

These Regulations amend mines Regulations by substituting measurements expressed in metric units.

Coal and Other Mines (Safety-Lamps and Lighting) Order 1956

This Order imposes duties on managers of mines to ensure mines are lit where needed and safety lamps are properly maintained.

Coal and Other Mines (Sanitary Conveniences) Order 1956

This order specifies where sanitary conveniences must be provided at mines, and makes provision for construction, equipment, cleaning and use.

Coal and Other Mines (Shafts, Outlets and Roads) (Amendment) Regulations 1968

These regulations, largely revoked, still contain requirement for a competent person to inspect shafts, outlets etc.

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Coal and Other Mines (Shafts, Outlets and Roads) Regulations 1960

These regulations, largely revoked, still require a competent person to inspect shafts, outlets etc.

Coal and Other Mines (Sidings) Order 1956

This Order governs the movement of standard gauge wagons above ground at mines.

Coal and Other Mines (Ventilation) (Variation) Regulations 1966

These regulations prescribe places where measurements should be made to identify the level of firedamp in mines.

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Coal and Other Mines (Ventilation) Order 1956

This Order imposes duties on managers of mines to ensure that mines are safely ventilated and ventilation risks are properly managed.

The Coal and Other Safety-Lamp Mines (Explosives) Regulations 1993

These regulations impose duties on the manager of a safety lamp mine to prevent danger from the presence and use of explosive materials.

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Coal Mines (Cardrox and Hydrox) Regulations 1956 (S.I. 1956/1942)

These regulations control the maintenance, preparation for use and use of blasting materials at coal mines.

Coal Mines (Clearances in Transport Roads) Regulations 1959

These regulations provide for minimum clearances for transport roadways in coal mines.

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The Coal Mines (Control of Inhalable Dust) Regulations 2007

These regulations impose requirements to protect persons at work in coal mines from inhalable dust.

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Coal Mines (Firedamp Drainage) Regulations 1960

These regulations detail safe practices in the draining of firedamp in coal mines.

The Coal Mines (Owner’s Operating Rules) Regulations 1993

These regulations require the owner of a mine to have suitable written rules for the working of the mine.

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Coal Mines (Precautions against Inflammable Dust) (Second Amendment) Regulations 1974

These regulations enable barriers other than stone dust barriers to be provided and also replace references to imperial units with metric units.

Coal Mines (Precautions against Inflammable Dust) Amendment Regulations 1977

These regulations allow for certain periods to be disregarded when calculating the intervals within which dust samples must be taken.

Coal Mines (Precautions against Inflammable Dust) (Variation) Regulations 1960

These regulations require the provision and maintenance of stone dust barriers at specific areas in mines.

Coal Mines (Precautions against Inflammable Dust) Order 1956

This Order is aimed at preventing the build up of coal dust to prevent the production of an explosive atmosphere.

Control of Explosives Regulations 1991

These regulations make provision for controlling the acquisition and keeping of explosives.

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Control of Major Accident Hazards Regulations 1999

These regulations impose duties on operators of sites where a quantity of dangerous substances are present.

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Control of Major Accident Hazards (Amendment) Regulations 2005

These regulations give effect to Directive 2003/105/EC on the control of major-accident hazards involving dangerous substances

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Control of Major Accident Hazard (Amendment) Regulations 2008

These regulations enable HSE to recover fees

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Control of Major Accident Hazards (Amendment) Regulations 2009

These regulations revive, with amendments, provisions revoked by the Health and Safety (Fees) Regulations 2009.

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Dangerous Substances (Notification and Marking of Sites) Regulations 1990

These regulations require the notification and marking of sites where dangerous substances present at the site are above a certain quantity

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Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002

These regulations impose requirements in relation to using dangerous substances at work.

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Dangerous Substances in Harbour Areas Regulations 1987

These regulations impose requirements in relation to dangerous substances in harbours and harbour areas.

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Escape and Rescue from Mines Regulations 1995

These regulations impose requirements with respect to the escape and rescue from mines.

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Explosive Acts 1875 and 1923 etc (Repeals and Modifications) Regulations 1974

These regulations were made to align elements of various Acts with the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974.

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Explosives Act 1875 (Exemptions) Regulations 1979

These regulations provide for the Health and Safety Executive to grant exemptions from requirements or prohibitions imposed under explosives legislation.

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Explosives Act 1875 etc. (Metrication and Miscellaneous Amendment) Regulations 1984

These regulations substitute metric units for imperial units.

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Explosives Acts 1875 and 1923 etc (Repeals and Modifications) (Amendment) Regulations 1974

These regulations revoke various powers for HSE inspectors.

Gasholders (Record of Examinations) Order 1938

This Order requires gasholder premises must be maintained and examined by a competent person every two years.

Gasholders and Steam Boilers (Metrication) Regulations 1981

These regulations amend two sets of regulations by metric units for imperial measurements.

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Health and Safety (Explosives and Petroleum Fees) (Modification) Regulations 1987

These regulations determine the fees payable in respect of petroleum licenses (The explosives elements in these regulations were revoked in 1987).

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The Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 (Application outside Great Britain) (Variation) Order 2011

This extends HSE’s jurisdiction to regulate energy structures beyond our territorial sea and offshore installations that were to be used for other purposes.

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Health and Safety (Miscellaneous Amendments and Revocations) Regulations 2009

These regulations brings together in one place a number of minor amendments to various pieces of health and safety legislation.

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Identification and Traceability of Explosives Regulations 2010

These regulations set up a system for the identification and traceability of explosives for civil uses.

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Ionising Radiations Regulations 1999

These regulations impose duties on employers to protect employees and other persons against ionising radiation.

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Management and Administration of Safety and Health at Mines Regulations 1993

These regulations impose requirements and prohibitions relating to the management and administration of health and safety at mines.

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Manufacture and Storage of Explosives Regulations 2005

These regulations require licences to be obtained for the manufacture and storage of explosives.

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Manufacture and Storage of Explosives and the Health and Safety (Enforcing Authority) (Amendment and Supplementary Provisions) Regulations 2007

These regulations amend the definitions in two sets of regulations.

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Marking of Plastic Explosives for Detection Regulations 1996

These regulations require plastic explosives to be marked so that they are detectable.

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Mines (Control of Ground Movement) Regulations 1999

These regulations impose health and safety requirements with respect to the control of ground movement in mines..

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Mines (Manner of Search for Smoking Materials) Order 1956

This order specifies the manner in which miners must be searched for smoking materials at certain mines.

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Mines (Medical Examinations) Regulations 1964

These regulations require any young people employed at mines to be medically examined on a regular basis.

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Mines (Precautions Against Inrushes) Regulations 1979

These regulations impose safety requirements in relation to inrushes in mines.

Mines (Safety of Exit) Regulations 1988

These regulations require safe exits to a mine to be provided.

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Mines (Shafts and Winding) Regulations 1993

These regulations impose safety requirements in relation to mine shafts and winding apparatus.

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Mines and Quarries (Metrication) Regulations 1976

These regulations amend mines regulations by substituting measurements expressed in metric units.

Mines and Quarries (Tipping Plans) Rules 1971

These rules set out how plans of tips associated with mines and quarries are to be set out.

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Mines and Quarries (Tips) Regulations 1971

These regulations set out safety requirements in relation to tips.

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Mines and Quarries Acts 1954 to 1971 (Repeals and Modifications) Regulations 1974

These regulations amend parts of Mines and Quarries Acts 1954 to 1971 that are still in force.

Mines and Quarries Acts 1954 to 1971 (Repeals and Modifications) Regulations 1975

These regulations amend parts of Mines and Quarries Acts 1954 to 1971 that are still in force.

Mines Miscellaneous Health and Safety Provisions Regulations 1995

These regulations impose health and safety requirements in relation to surface and underground mines.

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Miscellaneous Mines (Explosives) Regulations 1959

These regulations govern the use of explosives in mines with low risks of flammable atmospheres (non-safety lamp mines).

Miscellaneous Mines (Metrication) Regulations 1983

These regulations amend mines Regulations by substituting measurements expressed in metric units.

Miscellaneous Mines (General) Order 1956

This order contains general health, safety and welfare requirements for non-coal mines, including transport, ventilation etc.

Offshore Electricity and Noise Regulations 1997

These regulations apply to 2 sets of regulations governing electricity and noise at work to offshore industries.

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Offshore Installations (Inspectors and Casualties) Regulations 1973

These regulations concern the conveyance of an inspector to and from an installation and the provision of offshore accommodation and subsistence.

Offshore Installations (Logbooks and Registration of Death) Regulations 1972

These regulations concern the notification of deaths associated with an offshore installation.

Offshore Installations (Prevention of Fire and Explosion, and Emergency Response) Regulations 1995

These regulations impose health and safety requirements in relation to offshore installations.

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Offshore Installations (Safety Case) Regulations 2005

These regulations impose safety requirements in relation to offshore installations.

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Offshore Installations (Safety Representatives and Safety Committees) Regulations 1989

These regulations require employers on offshore installations to consult their employees on health and safety matters.

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Offshore Installations and Pipeline Works (First-Aid) Regulations 1989

These regulations govern the provision of first-aid on offshore installations and pipeline works.

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Offshore Installations and Pipeline Works (Management and Administration) Regulations 1995

These regulations impose safety requirements in relation to offshore installations and pipeline works.

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Offshore Installations and Wells (Design and Construction, etc) Regulations 1996

These regulations impose safety requirements in relation to the design and construction of wells and offshore installations.

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Offshore Safety (Miscellaneous Amendments) Regulations 2002

These regulations extend the definition of “offshore installation” in the Offshore Installations and Pipeline Works (Management and Administration) Regulations 1995

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Offshore Safety (Repeals and Modifications) Regulations 1993

These regulations brings together in one place a number of minor amendments to various pieces of health and safety legislation.

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Order in Council No. 30 Prohibiting the manufacture, importation, keeping, conveyance or sale of acetylene when an explosive as defined by the order (S.R. &O 1937/54)

This Order prohibits the manufacture, importation, keeping, conveyance or sale of acetylene above a specified pressure.

Order in Council (No 26) relating to Picric Acid, Picrates and Mixtures of Picric Acid with other Substances (S.I. 1926/823)

This Order defines when picric acid is considered to be an explosive within the meaning of the Explosives Act 1875.

Order of Secretary of State (No 11) making Byelaws as to the Conveyance of Explosives on Roads, and in certain special cases

This Order prohibits the disposal of explosives in refuse.

Order of Secretary of State (No 5) relating to Compressed Acetylene in Admixture with Oil-Gas (S.R.& O. 1898/248)

This Order provides that in certain mixtures and below specified pressure acetylene shall not be considered to be an explosive.

Order of Secretary of State (No 5A) relating to Compressed Acetylene in Admixture with Oil-Gas (1905) (S.R.& O. 1905/1128)

This Order provides that in certain mixtures and below specified pressure acetylene shall not be considered to be an explosive.

Order of Secretary of State (No 9) relating to Compressed Acetylene contained in a Porous Substance (1919) S.R.& O. 1919/809)

This order provides that acetylene shall only be compressed at premises approved by HSE.

Petroleum (Liquid Methane) Order 1957

These are licensing and labelling regulations for liquid methane and the provisions of the Petroleum (Consolidation) Act, 1928.

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Petroleum (Mixtures) Order 1929

Storage, use and licensing regulations for Petroleum mixtures

Petroleum (Regulation) Acts 1928 and 1936 (Repeals and Modifications) Regulations 1974

These regulations the Acts and instruments in relation to: the powers of inspectors, granting of licences and penalties for offences

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Petroleum-Spirit (Motor Vehicles, etc) Regulations 1929

These regulations covering the storage of Petroleum-spirit

Petroleum-Spirit (Plastic Containers) Regulations 1982

These regulations permit the keeping of petroleum-spirit in plastic containers for use as a fuel for an internal combustion engine.

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Pipe-lines Act 1962 (Repeals and Modifications) Regulations 1974

These regulations transfer powers and functions, outlined in the Pipelines Act 1962, to HSE and its inspectors.

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Pipelines Safety (Amendment) Regulations 2003

These regulations introduce amendments related to the gas iron mains replacement programme.

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Pipelines Safety Regulations 1996

These regulations impose safety requirements in relation to pipelines.

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Placing on the Market and Supervision of Transfers of Explosives Regulations 1993

These regulations impose requirements in relation to the placing on the market and transfers of explosives for civil uses.

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Quarries Regulations 1999

These regulations impose safety requirements in relation to quarries.

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Radiation (Emergency Preparedness and Public Information) Regulations 2001

These regulations require controllers of radioactive material to put in place emergency plans and provide certain information to the public.

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Stratified Ironstone, Shale and Fireclay Mines (Explosives) Regulations 1956

These regulations provide for the safe use of explosives in these type of mines.

Submarine Pipe-lines (Inspectors etc) Regulations 1977

These Regulations make provision as to the powers and duties of inspectors appointed under the Petroleum and Submarine Pipe-line Act 1975.

Tell us what you think should happen to these regulations and why, being specific where possible:

50 responses to Major hazard industries

  • Lisa Thomson said on July 21, 2011 at 1:19 pm

    Control of Major Accident Hazards Regulations (COMAH)

    The Government should take the opportunity to review the current charging regime within COMAH. As an EU-wide regulation the UK should take best practice from its European members and specifically look to lower absolute costs to industry and to simplify the charging process, as is the approach in other member states, to minimise burden and uncertainty, as well as to reduce internal costs of the regulator.

    In Europe, for example, France has no charges for COMAH, while Belgium and Ireland operate a fixed rate scale based on the different hazards presented by different types of installation.On the basis that the UK Government has decided that high hazard industries should continue to pay for the regulatory regime and that they intend to extend this regime then a fixed cost basis relative to the hazard presented by the site, and relative to its size, would dramatically simplify the process and reduce the unnecessary financial burden to the industry and potentially the regulator.

    In the case of the LPG industry, for example, sites that consist purely of storage of LPG should be deemed a lower risk than filling plants where LPG is transferred from bulk storage into tankers and bottles, and these in turn would be deemed less hazardous than a site where processing of materials takes place. The assumption should be that the site is operated well and correctly, and thus costs should be low. Only if fault were found should costs of intervention be charged – this being in line with Government proposals on extending HSE cost recovery.

    This simple hierarchy and principle will reduce burden upon industry, and reduce the amount of time the HSE spends on cost calculations so increasing resource for frontline work – and a worthy aspiration.

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