Industrial emissions and carbon reductions


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These regulate the release of emissions into the environment.

They include provisions on the sulphur content of fuels; emissions allowances for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and dust from large UK combustion plants; volatile organic compounds; dark smoke emissions; emissions of smoke, grit and dust from non-domestic furnaces; ozone depleting substances; carbon accounting; carbon budgets; fluorinated greenhouse gases; and the Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading System.

You can find all 35 regulations that relate to industrial emissions and carbon reductions below to the left.

The Fluorinated Greenhouse Gases Regulations 2009

Regulations underpin the comprehensive EU regulatory framework that aims to minimise emissions of fluorinated greenhouse gases.

EU regulation

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Sulphur Content of Liquid Fuels (England and Wales) Regulations 2007

Sets limits on the sulphur content of heavy fuel oils and diesel.

EU regulation

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The Large Combustion Plants (National Emission Reduction Plan) Regulations 2007

Provides for the operation of a register of allocations and transfers of annual emissions allowances for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and dust from certain plants in the UK.

 UK regulation

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The Pollution Prevention and Control (Unauthorised Part B Processes) (England and Wales) Regulations 2004

Amended certain transitional provisions in Part 2 of Schedule 3 to the Pollution Prevention and Control (England and Wales) Regulations 2000

EU regulation

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The Volatile Organic Compounds in Paints, Varnishes and Vehicle Refinishing Products Regulations 2005

Prohibits the placing on the market of certain paints if they contain more than a specified amount of VOCs.

EU regulation

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The Volatile Organic Compounds in Paints, Varnishes and Vehicle Refinishing Products (Amendment) (England) Regulations 2009

Delegates enforcement functions from Secretary of State to local authorities in England

EU regulation

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The Volatile Organic Compounds in Paints, Varnishes and Vehicle Refinishing Products (Amendment) Regulations 2010

Implements changes arising from Directive 2008/112/EC about harmonising the classification and labelling of substances and mixtures.

EU regulation

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Dark Smoke (Permitted Periods) Regulations 1958

Allows derogation from the Clean Air Act 1993 (CAA) s1 prohibition on dark smoke emissions from industrial plant, allowing specified short-term emissions

 UK regulation

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Dark Smoke (Permitted Periods) (Vessels) Regulations 1958

Allows derogation from the CAA s44 prohibition on dark smoke emissions from vessels, allowing specified short-term emissions

 UK regulation

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Clean Air (Emission of Dark Smoke) (Exemption) Regulations 1969

Disapply the CAA s2 prohibition on smoke emissions from industrial or trade premises in relation to burning

 UK regulation

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Clean. Air (Emission of Grit and Dust from Furnaces) Regulations 1971

Sets standards under CAA s5 for the amount of grit and dust that may be emitted from non-domestic furnaces.

 UK regulation

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Clean Air (Measurement of Grit and Dust from Furnaces) Regulations 1971

Regs under CAA s10 specify that a local authority must give at least 6 weeks notice of a requirement to add to a chimney the means of measuring grit and dust; and the occupier must make the changes within the period given in the notice. Where this is done, the Regs provide the procedures and requirements for undertaking the measurement.

 UK regulation

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Clean Air (height of chimneys) (exemption) regulations 1969

Sets out exemptions (eg for temporary plant) from the requirements of CAA s14 to have a chimney height approved.

 UK regulation

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Control of Atmospheric Pollution (Research and Publicity) Regulations 1977

Regs under CAA s38 establish procedures and requirements for local authorities serving notices to collect information about air pollution from third parties

 UK regulation

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Control of Atmosphere Pollution (Appeals) Regulations 1977

Regs under CAA s37 setting out procedures for appeals against notices under CAA s38 to collect information from third parties

EU regulation

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The Environment Protection (Controls on Ozone-Depleting Substances) Regulations 2011

The Regulations establish the enforcement framework for the EU legislation implementing the Montreal Protocol on Ozone-Depleting Substances.

EU regulation

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The Ozone Depleting Substances (Qualifications) Regulations 2009

The Regulations establish the qualifications needed to work with ozone-depleting substances.

 UK regulation

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Clean Air (Emission of Dark Smoke) (Exemption) Regulations 1969

Disapply the CAA s2 prohibition on smoke emissions from industrial or trade premises in relation to burning

 UK regulation

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Dark Smoke (Permitted Periods) (Vessels) Regulations 1958

Allows derogation from the CAA s44 prohibition on dark smoke emissions from vessels, allowing specified short-term emissions

 UK regulation

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Dark Smoke (Permitted Periods) Regulations 1958

Allows derogation from the Clean Air Act 1993 (CAA) s1 prohibition on dark smoke emissions from industrial plant, allowing specified short-term emissions

 UK regulation

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Carbon Accounting Regulations 2009

Sets out the methodology for calculating the UK’s net carbon account.

 UK regulation

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Carbon Budgets Order 2009

A carbon budget is a cap on the total quantity of greenhouse gas emissions emitted in the UK over a specified time. This regulation sets the UK’s first three carbon budget levels for 2008-2022.

 UK regulation

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Carbon Budgets Order 2011

A carbon budget is a cap on the total quantity of greenhouse gas emissions emitted in the UK over a specified time. This regulation set the level of the fourth carbon budget for 2023-27.

 UK regulation

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Climate Change Act 2008

Set the UK’s emissions reduction targets, introduced a system of five year carbon budgets and set up the Committee on Climate Change.

 UK regulation

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Climate Change Act 2008 (2020 Target, Credit Limit and Definitions) Order 2009

Revises the 2020 reduction target in the Climate Change Act, sets the limit on the use of offset credits for the first carbon budget period and defines international aviation emissions.

 UK regulation

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Greenhouse Gas Emissions Data and National Implementation Measures Regulations 2009

Enables specified greenhouse gas emissions data to be collected, and enables other data to be collected to enable the UK (as required by the EU Emissions Trading Scheme Directive) to publish and submit national implementation measures for phase III of the scheme

EU regulation

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Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Scheme (Amendment No. 2) Regulations 2007

Makes technical amendments to the 2005 Regulations.

EU regulation

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Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Scheme (Amendment) (Fees) and National Emissions Inventory Regulations 2011

Amends the 2005 Regulations to provide that the Environment Agency must determine applications for project activities established under the Kyoto Protocol on or after 1 June 2011, and to require fees to be paid in relation to applications until 6 April 2011.

 UK regulation

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Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Scheme (Amendment) and National Emissions Inventory Regulations 2005

Implements EU ETS Directive in respect of Kyoto Protocol’s project mechanisms

EU regulation

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Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Scheme (Amendment) Regulations 2006

Amends the 2005 Regulations to make a variety of changes, such as providing a mechanism for installations which began operating before 2004 but which have not received an allocation of allowances, to apply for an allocation

 UK regulation

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Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Scheme (Amendment) Regulations 2007

Permits Emissions Trading Scheme allowances to be allocated by way of auction or sale (in the first phase of the scheme), and permits the Secretary of State to enter into agreements with persons who hold accounts in the emissions trading registry to transfer allowances to those persons in exchange for payment.

EU regulation

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Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Scheme (Miscellaneous Provisions) Regulations 2007

Specifies the document which is the approved national allocation plan for the second phase of the scheme (2008-2012).

EU regulation

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Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Scheme (Nitrous Oxide) Regulations 2011

Implements option available in EU ETS Directive to Member States to opt-in additional greenhouse gases and sectors.

 UK regulation

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Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Scheme Regulations 2005

Provides the framework for implementing the European Union’s greenhouse gas emission trading scheme in the UK. The scheme is a ‘cap and trade’ scheme which is intended to control emissions of carbon dioxide.

EU regulation

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The Climate Change Act 2008 (Credit Limit) Order 2011

Sets the limit on the use of offset credits (reductions in carbon emissions made to compensate/offset emissions made elsewhere) in the second carbon budget period 2013-2017

 UK regulation

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Tell us what you think should happen to these regulations and why, being specific where possible:

For example, the Pollution Prevention and Control (Unauthorised Part B Processes) (England and Wales) Regulations 2004 may no longer be needed because they have been largely superseded by the Environmental Permitting Regulations 2010.

165 responses to Industrial emissions and carbon reductions

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    James Todd said on March 17, 2012 at 10:48 am

    Regulation in these areas needs significant strengthening not reduction. Removing a so called ‘burden’ from business will simple put the burden – and costs – back onto society, now and in the future. Getting business to price and in externalities through robust environmental regulation allows the market to allocate resources more efficiently. These externalities, and real costs they impose on society, are not going to magically disappear by cutting and weakening legislation in this area.

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